Bienestar psicológico, resiliencia y ansiedad en estudiantes universitarios

Autores/as

  • Donald W. González-Aguilar Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46954/revistages.v4i1.53

Palabras clave:

bienestar, salud mental, universidad, adaptación, desesperanza

Resumen

Las fortalezas psicológicas ayudan a enfrentar los desafíos emergentes y fomentar la salud mental. El objetivo de esta investigación es determinar la asociación de ansiedad, resiliencia con el bienestar psicológico de estudiantes universitarios. El enfoque del estudio fue cuantitativo, no experimental, de corte transversal y alcance correlacional predictivo. Para el análisis se realizó una regresión logística binomial. Se utilizó la escala de bienestar psicológico de Ryff, escala de 10 ítems de Connor-Davidson. Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) y la escala de trastorno de ansiedad generalizada (GAD-2). Participaron 378 alumnos de la universidad pública de Guatemala. La edad M = 22.2 (SD = 2.11), siendo 252 (66.70 %) mujeres. La razón de posibilidades (OR) para un indicador bajo de trastorno generalizado de ansiedad fue de 2.907 (IC 95% 1.718 - 4.922) mientras que un indicador alto de resiliencia en 4.816 (IC 95% 3.052 - 7.601), los cuales afectan al bienestar psicológico, con una varianza explicada de 26.20 % (Nagelkerke R²). El modelo fue significativo (p < .001). Los resultados sugieren que se debe de prestar más atención a la ansiedad y la resiliencia para el desarrollo y la mejora del bienestar y salud mental durante la COVID-19.

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Biografía del autor/a

Donald W. González-Aguilar, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala

Es Licenciado en Ciencias Psicológicas, especialidad en Psicología Social por la Escuela de Ciencias Psicológicas y Maestrando en Educación Superior en la Facultad de Humanidades, ambos en la Universidad San Carlos de Guatemala (Usac). Entre la experiencia profesional esta ser profesor investigador en la Unidad Profesional de Investigación en la Escuela de Ciencias Psicológicas de la Usac. Coordinador, investigador y auxiliar II de investigación en la Dirección General de Investigación (Digi-Usac).

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Publicado

2021-01-18

Cómo citar

González-Aguilar, D. W. . (2021). Bienestar psicológico, resiliencia y ansiedad en estudiantes universitarios. Revista Guatemalteca De Educación Superior, 4(1), 43–58. https://doi.org/10.46954/revistages.v4i1.53

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